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Newswise — Washington, DC  – Pasta is a convenient, nutritious, easy-to-prepare meal for families.  Pasta pleases even the pickiest of young eaters.  And now, even more good news: new research shows that pasta consumption in children and adolescents is associated with a better diet quality than that of children who do not eat pasta.  The research, which was presented at the 2017 Experimental Biology conference at the end of April in Chicago, demonstrated that young pasta-eaters have greater intakes of important vitamins and minerals and lower intakes of saturated fat and total fat in the diet compared to their peers who do not consume pasta.  The research, “Pasta Consumption in American Children and Adolescents is Associated with Greater Daily Intake of Shortfall Nutrients as Defined by the 2015 Dietary Guidelines, Improved Diet Quality and Lower Added Sugar Intake,” was conducted by Nutritional Strategies, Inc. on behalf of the National Pasta Association.  The study examined associations between pasta consumption, shortfall nutrient intakes as defined by the 2015 Dietary Guidelines (2015 DG) and diet quality in comparison to non-pasta consumption in U.S. children and adolescents (ages 2-18).  Pasta consumption was defined as all dry domestic and imported pasta/noodle varieties made with only wheat and no egg.  The data review did not look at any health outcomes associated with pasta consumption except for the ones specified below. From the analysis, researchers identified a number of key positive nutritional dietary patterns associated with children and adolescents who eat pasta as part of their diet compared to those who don’t eat pasta.  They are: Better overall diet quality (as measured by USDA’s Healthy Eating Index-2010 scale) Greater intake of key shortfall nutrients like dietary fiber, folate, iron, magnesium and vitamin E Lower daily intakes of saturated fat and total fat No significant associations were seen with body weight, waist circumference and body mass index Pasta has long been celebrated as one of America’s favorite foods and is advocated by nutritionists for its good nutrition.  “Good nutrition is critical to the developing minds and bodies of children and adolescents. Certain grain foods, like pasta, are a great complement to a healthy well-balanced meal and provide plenty of opportunities for improving the diet,” explains registered dietitian Diane Welland, Nutrition Communications Manager for the National Pasta Association.  “Think of pasta as a canvas from which you can add nutrient-dense, fiber-rich foods like fresh vegetables, fruits, cheese, lean meats and legumes, when creating meals for your family.”  For more information, recipes and facts about pasta, please visit www.pastafits.org.  To learn more about the research, please contact Kara Yacovone at kyacovone@kellencompany.com.  About the National Pasta Association (NPA): NPA is the leading trade association for the U.S. pasta industry.  The association provides leadership to the industry on public policy issues, serving as its voice in Washington, D.C.  NPA also forges alliances with key organizations, monitors and addresses technical issues and conducts nutrition and food safety research on behalf of the U.S. pasta industry. www.pastafits.org  # # #
Newswise — Combining risk scores helps clinicians better identify atrial fibrillation patients who face increased risks of developing dementia, researchers have found. Combining the Intermountain Mortality Risk Score (IMRS), developed by clinicians at Intermountain Healthcare, with the traditional CHA2DS2-VASc risk score, was more accurate in identifying at-risk patients than using the traditional score alone, according to new research from the Intermountain Medical Center Heart Institute in Salt Lake City. Previous studies have linked atrial fibrillation patients who have a high CHA2DS2-VASc score with increased risk of stroke and dementia, but this new research examined patients with low CHA2DS2-VASc scores to better identify those at higher risk of dementia. The CHA2DS2-VASc score is an international guideline to determine a patient’s need for blood thinner. Points are added based on age, sex, and history of stroke, hypertension, heart failure, or diabetes. An atrial fibrillation patient with a score of two or more is placed on blood thinners. “Patients who have a CHA2DS2-VASc score of zero or one are considered at low risk for developing dementia when using the traditional CHA2DS2-VASc tool,” said Kevin Graves, lead author of the study and researcher with the Intermountain Medical Center Heart Institute. “But when the IMRS tool is used to evaluate those same patients, a better picture is provided to physicians that shows which patients are truly at a high risk for dementia.” The Intermountain Mortality Risk Score is based on lab values that are typically collected from a patient – a complete blood count (CBC) and basic metabolic profile (BMP) – which sync automatically to a patient’s electronic medical record so physicians have the score readily available to them.  Results of the study will be presented during the Heart Rhythm Society’s annual conference in Chicago on Thursday, May 11. Nearly 75,000 atrial fibrillation patients who had no history of dementia were included in the retrospective study. After they received an atrial fibrillation diagnosis, patients were grouped together according to their CHA2DS2-VASc score of one, two, or three or greater. Patients were then further organized in their groupings using the IMRS. Atrial fibrillation is the most common abnormal heart rhythm that affects more than 2.7 million Americans. “We don’t consider atrial fibrillation to be a risk factor for dementia, but rather a risk marker,” said Graves. “Dementia may be an endgame of the underlying atrial fibrillation diagnosis, so as that disease progresses, the risk of dementia goes up significantly. Having the best tools available to identify risks can help physician and patients be better equipped in the shared decision-making process to help them prevent, postpone, or better manage the symptoms of dementia.” Members of the Intermountain Medical Center Heart Institute team involved in the study include Benjamin Horne, PhD; Heidi May, PhD; Tami Bair, RN; Victoria Jacobs, PhD; Brian Crandall, MD; Michael Cutler, DO, PhD; Charles Mallender, MD; Jeffrey Osborn, MD; Peter Weiss, MD; John D. Day, MD; and Jared Bunch, MD. Intermountain Medical Center Heart Institute is part of the Intermountain Healthcare system, which is based in Salt Lake City. ###
Newswise — Hepatitis C infections among pregnant women nearly doubled from 2009-2014, likely a consequence of the country’s increasing opioid epidemic that is disproportionately affecting rural areas of states including Tennessee and West Virginia. Injection drug use is the main risk factor for the hepatitis C virus, now the country’s most common blood-borne infection with an estimated 3.5 million people living with chronic infection. “We have seen a dramatic increase in opioid use in pregnancy and in the number of infants having drug withdrawal,” said lead author Stephen Patrick, M.D., assistant professor of Pediatrics and Health Policy at Vanderbilt University Medical Center. “Taken together, this suggests that efforts targeted at preventing and expanding treatment for opioid use disorder may help mitigate some of the increases we see,” Patrick said. Patrick co-authored a study with the Tennessee Department of Health (TDH) that was released today in the Center for Disease Control and Prevention’s weekly epidemiological digest Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR). Hepatitis C infection present at the time of delivery increased 89 percent, from 1.8 to 3.4 per 1,000 live births from 2009-2014, equaling 35 infants a day exposed to the virus. Authors reported notable increases in rural counties in Tennessee and in rural states like West Virginia, which had the highest infection rate in 2014 (22.6 per 1,000 live births). “We found substantial state-to-state variation in hepatitis C infection rates,” Patrick said. “West Virginia had the highest prevalence of infection among pregnant women ­— 1 in 50 newborns were exposed to the virus.” In Tennessee, the odds of a hepatitis C infection at birth were approximately threefold higher for women residing in rural counties, 4.5-fold higher for women who smoked cigarettes during pregnancy, and nearly seventeenfold higher for women with concurrent hepatitis B virus infection. Tennessee had 10.1 hepatitis C infections per 1,000 live births in 2014. “We found that rural and Appalachian counties were particularly impacted by the virus,” Patrick said. “In some counties in Tennessee, nearly 8 percent of pregnant women were documented as being infected with hepatitis C at the time of delivery.” Senior author and TDH Medical Director for HIV, STD & Viral Hepatitis Carolyn Wester, M.D, said the increase highlights the importance of ensuring that women of childbearing age have access to hepatitis C testing and treatment. Patrick agreed, noting that women who know they have the virus before pregnancy can be treated to hopefully clear the virus prior to becoming pregnant. He also said that it is increasingly important that infants exposed to hepatitis C are monitored to see if they get the virus. “We need to build systems of care to ensure that all infants exposed to the virus are adequately followed,” Patrick said. TDH State Epidemiologist Tim Jones, M.D., said the study is an important reminder of the threat of this growing epidemic to high-risk populations throughout the U.S. “While this study focuses on pregnant women and a high-risk area in Tennessee, it is also important to remember that hundreds of thousands of people throughout the U.S. have hepatitis C, and a large percentage of them do not know it,” Jones said. “Anyone born between 1945-1965, or who has ever used IV drugs, or is otherwise worried about hepatitis infection, is encouraged to discuss with their clinicians whether testing may be appropriate for them,” he said.
Newswise — Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health’s Center for a Livable Future calculated the nutritional value of food wasted in the U.S. at the retail and consumer levels, shining a light on just how much protein, fiber and other important nutrients end up in the landfill in a single year. These lost nutrients are important for healthy diets, and some — including, dietary fiber, calcium, potassium and vitamin D — are currently consumed below recommended levels. Nutrient-dense foods like fruits, vegetables, seafood and dairy products are wasted at disproportionately high rates. Previous research estimated that as much as 40 percent of food is wasted nationally, but it wasn’t clear before this study how nutritious that food was. While not all wasted food is consumable, a sizeable amount is, leaving researchers and policymakers looking for ways to minimize the amount of good food that gets tossed as millions of Americans go hungry, do not get enough nutrients or do not have access to healthy food options. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and Environmental Protection Agency have set a goal of reducing food waste by 50 percent by 2030.  The findings will appear online May 15 in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.  “Huge quantities of nutritious foods end up in landfills instead of meeting Americans’ dietary needs,” says study lead author Marie Spiker, MSPH, RD, a CLF-Lerner Fellow at the Johns Hopkins Center for a Livable Future and a doctoral candidate in the Bloomberg School's Department of International Health. “Our findings illustrate how food waste exists alongside inadequate intake of many nutrients.” For their study, the researchers calculated the nutritional value of the retail- and consumer-level food waste of 213 commodities in 2012, using data from the USDA’s Loss-Adjusted Food Availability data series. The research team, looking at 27 nutrients in all, found that food wasted in the U.S. food supply that year contained 1,217 calories, 33 grams of protein, 5.9 grams of dietary fiber, 1.7 micrograms of vitamin D, 286 milligrams calcium and 880 milligrams potassium per person, per day. Nutrient loss estimates provided by this study could contribute to a baseline for measuring future progress, the authors say. The study also highlights how the amount of nutrients lost to waste compares to nutritional deficits in the typical American diet. For example, dietary fiber is important for maintaining digestive health and is found in grains, vegetables and fruits. Researchers estimate that, in 2012, food wasted each day contained upwards of 1.8 billion grams of dietary fiber, which is comparable to the full recommended intake for dietary fiber for 73.6 million adult women. American women under-consumed dietary fiber by 8.9 grams per day in 2012. The study found that the daily amount of wasted dietary fiber is equivalent to the amount needed to fill this nutritional gap for as many as 206.6 million adult women.  Many factors contribute to food waste at both the retail and consumer levels, including the disposal of food due to aesthetic standards, large portion sizes, and management of perishables in fridges and pantries. There is currently great energy around efforts to address waste of food. Preventing waste at the source is considered to be the optimal approach. Strengthening food recovery efforts that bring surplus food to food banks and pantries is also an important area of effort, innovation and impact. “This study offers us new ways of appreciating the value of wasted food. While not all food that is wasted could or should be recovered, it reminds us that we are dumping a great deal of high quality, nutritious food that people could be enjoying,” says Roni Neff, PhD, an assistant professor in the Bloomberg School’s Department of Environmental Health and Engineering who oversaw the study and directs the CLF’s Food System Sustainability & Public Health Program. “We should keep in mind that while food recovery efforts are valuable, food recovery doesn’t get to the heart of either the food insecurity problem or the waste problem. We need strategies addressing these challenges at multiple levels.” “Wasted Food, Wasted Nutrients: Nutrient loss from wasted food in the US and comparison to gaps in dietary intake” was written by Marie L. Spiker, Hazel A. B. Hiza, Sameer M. Siddiqi and Roni A. Neff. This research was funded by the GRACE Communications Foundation. M. L. Spiker and S. M. Siddiqi were also supported by the CLF-Lerner Fellowship.
Newswise — The American Cancer Society estimates that in 2017 there will be an estimated 1,688,780 new cases of cancer in the U.S. This will include about 56,870 new cases of thyroid cancer (42,470 in women, and 14,400 in men). A number of environmental, genetic, and gender- or age-related factors may increase a person’s risk for developing thyroid cancer. While it can occur at any age, approximately two out of three cases are diagnosed in people age 20 to 55. Women are three times more likely to develop thyroid cancer than men. Seattle Cancer Care Alliance offers treatment for people who have been diagnosed with endocrine cancers, especially of the thyroid, parathyroid, and adrenal glands. Patients at Seattle Cancer Care Alliance are taken care of by doctors, advanced practice providers, and registered nurses who specialize in thyroid cancer, lead clinical trials, and provide access to the latest therapies and treatments. To arrange an interview with an SCCA physician regarding risk factors, clinical trials and treatment options or the latest U.S. Preventive Services Task Force guidelines, please contact Karen Brandvick-Baker at Seattle Cancer Care Alliance, 206.288.7239, kbrandvi@seattlecca.org.  SCCA is an NCI designated cancer center. It is ranked among the top 10 in the nation for cancer treatment of adults by U.S. News & World Report for 2016-2017.  
Myth: It’s best to eat strawberries during the summer months when they’re in season. Truth: Strawberries are now available just about year-round, and Florida is the top U.S. supplier of fresh strawberries from December until April. So, think about the winter and spring seasons to enjoy delicious Florida grown strawberries.  Myth: You should buy unripened strawberries, so they will last longer when stored. Truth: Buy strawberries at their peak of ripeness. Strawberries are considered a nonclimacteric fruit, which means the inner tissue won’t continue its metabolic processes and ripen after harvest. Choose strawberries that look red all over the surface. They should be firm but not hard, and they should have a nice, light fragrance. The caps should be bright green and look fresh. Don’t remove the caps or wash the strawberries until you’re ready to use them. They should keep for three to four days at the optimal storage temperature of 32 to 36 degrees. Myth: Serve strawberries cold for maximum flavor.   Truth: It’s best to serve strawberries at room temperature to fully showcase the flavor. Simply remove the strawberries from the refrigerator one to two hours before serving and rinse. Some of the aroma compounds in strawberries include a complex caramel-like molecule called furaneol, sulfur compounds and ethyl esters, which create a pineapple-like aroma. Myth: Strawberries contain a fair amount of vitamin C but other than that they don’t contribute much to a healthful diet. Truth: Strawberries have several redeeming nutritional qualities. One cup of strawberries (eight large ones) provides 152 percent of the daily value for vitamin C (an excellent source) and three grams of dietary fiber. Strawberries are fat-free and devoid of cholesterol. In addition, strawberries contain antioxidant compounds, including the red anthocyanin pigments. Scientists around the world are actively studying the role of these antioxidant compounds in fighting oxidative stress within the body. Myth: Many people need to avoid strawberries because of the sugar content. Truth: Most people would benefit from including more strawberries and other deeply-colored fruits and vegetables into their diet. Our bodies are well equipped to process carbohydrates throughout the day. In fact, carbohydrates are a major energy source for us. However, for different reasons, some people need to be more mindful of their fruit intake. For example, people who have diabetes or irritable bowel syndrome may need to limit some types of carbohydrates that aren’t well tolerated.     Easy Strawberry Smoothie 1 container (about 5.3 oz.) Greek yogurt, vanilla flavored 1 cup fresh strawberries (about eight large, rinsed, caps can be left on) 4 ice cubes  Add all ingredients into a blender and process until smooth. Makes one serving, about 1¼ cups.  Nutritional Analysis per serving:  Calories- 176, Total Fat- 0 grams, Saturated Fat- 0 grams, Cholesterol- 10 milligrams, Protein- 15 grams, Total Carbohydrate- 29 grams, Dietary Fiber- 3 grams, Sodium- 70 milligrams, Vitamin C* 152 percent   Calcium*- 15 percent * Percent Daily Value
Newswise — Bethesda, Md. — A new study finds that dietary nitrate—a compound that dilates blood vessels to decrease blood pressure—may reduce overstimulation of the sympathetic nervous system that occurs with heart disease. The research team looked specifically at beetroot juice, a source of dietary nitrate, to explore its use as a future targeted treatment option for people with cardiovascular disease. The study, published ahead of print in the American Journal of Physiology—Heart and Circulatory Physiology, is the first to study the effects of nitrate supplementation on sympathetic nerve activity. Activation of the sympathetic nervous system—caused by increased sympathetic nerve activity—include elevated heart rate and blood pressure and blood vessel constriction. Sympathetic nerve activity (sympathetic outflow) also increases with some forms of cardiovascular disease, including high blood pressure and heart failure. The aim of the study was to show that “acute nitrate supplementation using beetroot juice can decrease muscle sympathetic outflow at rest and during exercise,” the Canadian research team wrote. Twenty young adult volunteers (average age: 27) participated in two separate testing visits in which they blindly received either a nitrate supplement or a placebo. On both visits, the research team recorded the blood pressure, heart rate and muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) and measured muscle activity at rest and during handgrip exercise with the participants’ non-dominant hand. Measurements were recorded at the beginning of the visit and then again after the volunteers drank nitrate-rich beetroot juice or a placebo and had rested on their backs for three hours. MSNA burst rate, denoting the frequency of nerve activity, was lower when the volunteers drank beetroot juice compared to when they drank the placebo. Sympathetic nerve activity also decreased during exercise. “Surprisingly, no differences in blood pressure were detected at rest or during exercise,” the research team noted. “These results provide proof-of-concept that dietary nitrate supplementation can modulate central sympathetic outflow and suggest that the established cardiovascular benefits [of dietary nitrate] are likely to involve a neural contribution.” The article, “Acute beetroot juice supplementation on sympathetic nerve activity: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled proof-of-concept study,” is published ahead of print in the American Journal of Physiology—Heart and Circulatory Physiology.
Newswise — While cotton tip applicators can be used for household cleaning, crafts and applying cosmetics, they are unfortunately also causing injuries to children. A study conducted by Nationwide Children’s Hospital researchers found that over a 21-year period from 1990 through 2010, an estimated 263,000 children younger than 18 years of age were treated in U.S. hospital emergency departments for cotton tip applicator related ear injuries – that’s about 12,500 annually, or about 34 injuries every day. “The two biggest misconceptions I hear as an otolaryngologist are that the ear canals need to be cleaned in the home setting, and that cotton tip applicators should be used to clean them; both of those are incorrect,” said Kris Jatana, MD, senior author of the study from the Department of Pediatric Otolaryngology at Nationwide Children’s Hospital and Associate Professor in the Department of Otolaryngology at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center. “The ears canals are usually self-cleaning. Using cotton tip applicators to clean the ear canal not only pushes wax closer to the ear drum, but there is a significant risk of causing minor to severe injury to the ear.” The study, recently published online in The Journal of Pediatrics, found that the majority of injuries occurred as a result of using cotton tip applicators to clean the ears (73%), playing with cotton tip applicators (10%), or children falling when they have cotton tip applicators in their ear (9%). Most of the injuries occurred when the child was using the cotton tip applicator by themselves (77%), followed by injuries that happened when a parent (16%) or sibling (6%) used the cotton tip applicator to clean the child’s ear. About two out of every three patients were younger than eight years of age, with patients aged 0-3 years accounting for 40% of all injuries. The most common injuries were foreign body sensation (30%), perforated ear drum (25%) and soft tissue injury (23%). Foreign body sensation was the most common diagnosis among children aged 8-17 years, while perforated ear drum was the most common among children younger than 8 years of age. Almost all of the patients seen in emergency departments for these injuries (99%) were treated and released. In more serious cases, damage to the ear drum, hearing bones, or inner ear, can lead to dizziness, problems with balance, and irreversible hearing loss. “While the number of overall injuries from cotton tip applicators did decrease during the 21 years we looked at in our study, it is still unacceptably high,” said Dr. Jatana. “These products may seem harmless, but this study shows how important it is that they not be used to clean ears.” Data for this study were obtained from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS), which is operated by the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission. The NEISS database provides information on consumer product-related and sports- and recreation-related injuries treated in hospital emergency departments across the country. This study was conducted collaboratively between the Department of Otolaryngology and the Center for Injury Research and Policy at Nationwide Children’s Hospital. The Center for Injury Research and Policy (CIRP) of The Research Institute at Nationwide Children’s Hospital works globally to reduce injury-related pediatric death and disabilities. With innovative research at its core, CIRP works to continually improve the scientific understanding of the epidemiology, biomechanics, prevention, acute treatment and rehabilitation of injuries. CIRP serves as a pioneer by translating cutting edge injury research into education, policy, and advances in clinical care. For related injury prevention materials or to learn more about CIRP, visit www.injurycenter.org.   SEE ORIGINAL STUDY
What The eighth annual “Polly’s Run” raises awareness for pancreatic cancer, honors pancreatic cancer survivors and all those who face the disease, and raises money for pancreatic cancer research. Albuquerque Pet Memorial Services sponsors the event. All proceeds benefit The University of New Mexico Comprehensive Cancer Center.   Why Polly Rogers battled pancreatic cancer for 11 months before finally succumbing to it in June, 2009. She was a healthy, non-smoking wife and mother of three boys, an elementary schoolteacher and a running coach for young students. “Seeing her suffer for 11 months was a difficult thing to do,” says Josh Rogers, her middle son. Rogers, his brothers and Polly’s best friend started Polly’s Run in 2009 to honor Polly’s memory and to fight back against the disease. “The time for action is now,” Rogers says. According to the National Cancer Institute’s Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results program, fewer than one in 10 people with pancreatic cancer live for five years or more after their diagnosis. Pancreatic cancer accounts for only 3.2 percent of all new cancer cases but accounts for 7.2 percent of all cancer deaths. There are no screening tests for it. Polly’s Run organizers hope to change these grim statistics by supporting pancreatic cancer awareness and research. The event has grown to more than 600 runners and walkers and raised more than $30,000 last year. Many who take part have lost family members to pancreatic cancer. “The group that we’ve created is very passionate about the cause and finding a cure,” says Rogers. “They understand that it is absolutely critical to carry on this fight.”   Who Runners and walkers of all ages and abilities are welcome. The event features a 5K walk/run and a “Kids’ K” for the youngest runners and walkers. Those unable to attend on Race Day may complete a “Virtual Run” from anywhere in the world. Donations are welcome. Pancreatic cancer survivors are especially invited to take part in the event. Register, donate and learn more at www.pollysrun.com.   When Sunday, June 4, 20178:30 a.m. to 11:30 a.m., MDT   Where Tiguex Park1800 Mountain Road NorthwestAlbuquerque, NM 87104   Interviews Josh Rogers, Polly’s Run Organizer   Contact Dorothy Hornbeck, JKPR, 505-340-5929, dhornbeck@jameskorenchen.com     About the UNM Comprehensive Cancer Center The University of New Mexico Comprehensive Cancer Center is the Official Cancer Center of New Mexico and the only National Cancer Institute-designated Cancer Center in a 500-mile radius. Its 125 board-certified oncology specialty physicians include cancer surgeons in every specialty (abdominal, thoracic, bone and soft tissue, neurosurgery, genitourinary, gynecology, and head and neck cancers), adult and pediatric hematologists/medical oncologists, gynecologic oncologists, and radiation oncologists. They, along with more than 500 other cancer healthcare professionals (nurses, pharmacists, nutritionists, navigators, psychologists and social workers), provided cancer care for nearly 60 percent of the adults and children in New Mexico affected by cancer. They treated 11,249 patients in 84,875 ambulatory clinic visits in addition to in-patient hospitalizations at UNM Hospital. These patients came from every county in the State. More than 12 percent of these patients participated in cancer clinical trials testing new cancer treatments and 35 percent of patients participated in other clinical research studies, including tests of novel cancer prevention strategies and cancer genome sequencing. The 130 cancer research scientists affiliated with the UNMCCC were awarded almost $60 million in federal and private grants and contracts for cancer research projects and published 301 high quality publications. Promoting economic development, they filed more than 30 new patents in FY16, and since 2010, have launched 11 new biotechnology start-up companies. Scientists associated with the UNMCCC Cancer Control & Disparities have conducted more than 60 statewide community-based cancer education, prevention, screening, and behavioral intervention studies involving more than 10,000 New Mexicans. Finally, the physicians, scientists and staff have provided education and training experiences to more than 230 high school, undergraduate, graduate, and postdoctoral fellowship students in cancer research and cancer health care delivery. Learn more at cancer.unm.edu.
Newswise — Baltimore, Maryland – Surgeons have successfully used a remote controlled robotic system to operate inside the human eye, paving the way for future robotic assistance in clinical treatments that require extreme precision and stability, such as the controlled delivery of gene therapy and stem cells. The research is being presented at the 2017 Annual Meeting of the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO) this week in Baltimore, Md. Twelve patients requiring surgery on their retinas were recruited into the randomized clinical trial. Six had surgery with the robot and six received the standard human manual approach. In the robot group, the total number of retinal micro-hemorrhage events (bleeding) was two, compared with five in the manual group. Abstract title: Results from the first use of a robot to operate inside the human eye Presentation start/end time: Monday, May 8, 2017, 8:30 – 8:45am Location: Ballroom 3 Abstract number: 1185 # # # The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO) is the largest eye and vision research organization in the world. Members include nearly 12,000 eye and vision researchers from over 75 countries. ARVO advances research worldwide into understanding the visual system and preventing, treating and curing its disorders.  All abstracts accepted for presentation at the ARVO Annual Meeting represent previously unpublished data and conclusions. This research may be proprietary or may have been submitted for journal publication. Embargo policy: Journalists must seek approval from the presenter(s) before reporting data from paper or poster presentations. Press releases or stories on information presented at the ARVO Annual Meeting may not be released or published until the conclusion of the presentation.